Laurence C Smith considers what we might be forced to do by global warming, and Nick Bostrom writes about how we may respond to the possibility of genetic enhancement of humans. There are a few essays on the future of cosmology - what can we find out about the universe before the big bang for instance. I found it interesting, though, that many of the essays seem to be linked to the applications of neuroscience to the social sciences.
One might hope that readers of a book like this would be inspired enough to become the scientists who bring some of the advances mentioned to fruition, but I rather doubt it. In the end I didn't find the essays particularly memorable and there are no suggestions for following up on the topics discussed (in fact the book doesn't even have an index) It has lots of interesting ideas and was an enjoyable read, but didn't leave me with any new mental images of the future of science.